Sunday, August 18, 2013

Carbohydrate Counting Diet

Carbohydrates a very big impact on blood glucose levels as they are converted to sugar 
by the body in the process of turning the food into energy.  Too many carbohydrate 
servings can increase blood sugar levels.  It is important for a diabetic to control the 
number of carbohydrates that are eaten at each meal and balance the carbohydrates with 
protein while limiting fat intake.

In this type of meal plan foods are grouped into three different categories:  carbohydrates, 
proteins, and fats.  The majority of foods that you eat contain carbohydrates and this will 
be the largest food group.  Foods in this group include:

* Grains – breads, crackers, rice, cereal, pasta
* Dairy – milk, yogurt
* Vegetables that are considered starchy – corn, peas, and potatoes
* The rest of the vegetable family
* Fruit, including fruit juices
* Desserts and other treats – chosen in limited amounts

This diet will require you to measure your foods for serving sizes and read food labels to 
determine how many servings are carbohydrates it should be counted as.  It is standard to 
consider 15 grams of carbohydrates as one serving.  For instance, if you are having 
crackers as a snack and are allowed one serving of carbohydrates you would look at the 
food label to figure out how many crackers you can have.  If the serving size is 20 
crackers and that equals 30 grams of carbohydrates, for a diabetic that would be 
considered two servings.  In this example, you would half the serving size and eat 10 
crackers to equal 15 grams of carbohydrates.

After some time and experience you will become adept at counting carbohydrates and 
knowing what foods work well with your blood glucose levels and what ones don’t.  No 
two diabetics respond the same way to every food, you will need to learn what your own 
ideal diabetic diet is.

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